There’s no doubt that healthcare is one of the most important aspects of any society. As they say, a healthy society is a wealthy society. Without an efficient healthcare system, societies would struggle to exist. By definition, healthcare is a broad field concerned with providing medical care to individuals for purposes of maintaining and restoring the overall health and well-being of the people. Healthcare is an indispensable pillar of the society, as healthy populations are more productive and live longer. That’s why countries spend trillions of dollars on providing healthcare to its people. The healthcare demands of a society keep growing and changing with time, and governments have the responsibility of putting measures in place to cater to the changing needs. The current healthcare demands among different societies around the globe are very different from the demands of the people in the past centuries. Even in the modern times we live in today, our healthcare needs keep on changing. One of the notable changes is the advancement of healthcare systems and services, thanks to technology advancement. As the world population continues to grow at an annual rate of 1.2%, an efficient healthcare system is now more important than ever.
What is the role of healthcare in a country?
The healthcare system offers a wide range of services including diagnostic testing, preventive care, emergency care, treatment of illnesses, nutritional support, lab work, labor and delivery services, and many more. Illnesses and accidents are natural occurrences and must happen at some point in our lives. Therefore, it’s evident that healthcare is an indispensable aspect of the society. Healthcare is provided by specialists such as physicians, dentists, midwives, ophthalmologists, pharmacists, nurses and others.
One of the primary responsibilities of governments is providing quality healthcare to its citizens. Consequently, the quality of the healthcare system in a particular society is one of the factors that determine the effectiveness of the government in the country. Different countries have different healthcare policies in place, and that’s why healthcare systems and services vary from one country to another. Unlike many developing countries, developed countries such as France and the U.S have the most advanced healthcare systems. Typically, there’s a direct correlation between the economy of a country and its healthcare system. An efficient healthcare system means a healthy population which translates to a better economy.
Types of healthcare
The following are the three types of healthcare:
- Primary healthcare
- Secondary healthcare
- Tertiary healthcare
Primary care – This type of healthcare is concerned with the provision of day to day medical care to patients by healthcare providers. The main aim of primary care is to provide regular physical exams and screening, whereby healthcare providers serve as the first point of contact with patients.
Secondary care – Also known as specialty care, this type of care entails health services provided by healthcare specialists such as cardiologists, dermatologists, urologists etc.
Tertiary care – Also known as specialized consultative healthcare, tertiary care caters to patients who have been referred by primary and secondary healthcare providers for advanced screening and treatment.
Clearly, healthcare systems play an indispensable role in the society. Therefore, countries need to invest heavily in healthcare to ensure a healthy population which will lead to a thriving economy.